SOLiD sequencing

Applied Biosystems’ (now Life Technologies brand) solid technology using sequencing by ligation, the set of possible oligonucleotides of any fixed-length, annealed oligonucleotides labeled according to the arrangement position However, to be consolidated;. Signal of the nucleotide at that position priority ligation of DNA ligase for matching the sequence information of the results. The amplified by emulsion PCR prior to sequencing of DNA. Each contains a single copy of the DNA molecule the same, is deposited on a slide, beads were obtained. The results sequencing is a sequence of volume and length comparable to Illumina.

It is also commercially available in 2008 developed two base encoding called solid (sequence detection oligonucleotides and ligation) by Applied Biosystems, and next-generation sequencing techniques. These techniques generate a read hundreds of thousands of small sequence. Well-known example of such a method can be found in the system and stable (introduced in 2006) Solexa DNA 454 pyrosequencing of the system. Price decreases in 2006 to nearly $ 0.0001/base of 2004 from $ 0.01/base years, these methods, sequence capacity of one million base machine day in 2004 to base / machine more than 100 million 2006 has increased / day. 2-based encoding based on the array than ligation sequencing-by-synthesis rather. However, fluorescent labels 8 amount can be changed for using a fluorescence-labeled 9-mer probe 6 bases differ only in place, two base encoding, like, but to distinguish the three bases most basic two How Macevicz over 6BP view thereby utilizing the probe body can be obtained. Without having to run twice at work 2-based encoding, you can twice, read each base.

SOLiD sequencing

1988, and Whiteley. I show you how to use the fluorescence-labeled oligonucleotide ligation detection of DNA variants. In order to detect changes in DNA, 1995 Macevicz showed that coupling the plurality of oligonucleotides adjacent to each other. In 2003, for example, Dressman. It shows the use of emulsion PCR that can be repeatedly executed to generate one million clones amplification analysis beads ligation thereof. Such as 2005 Shendure. Complete the steps of sequencing that combines Dressman technique ligation and Whiteley 8 ‘9 probe fluorescently labeled “degenerate base to distinguish the evidence differently depending on the modification and the basis labeled probe. This process, using the same primer was repeated, but I read the labeled probe and 5 that have been identified on the basis of degenerate 6BP another array – read 7BP at three and three-way> -> 5 direction.

In fact, the literal translation of the color reading as it could lead to a shift of the frame-based call one time that occurs in the color error is so named, it is not recommended basically. It is recommended that you convert the nucleotide sequence your reference color space to best use of property “error correction” of the base two encodings. Clear conversion of the reference nucleotide sequence in the color space is present, but a possible implementation of the four color strings main strings. I think the amino acid translation. There is a clear base of amino acid translation, but there are many solutions for the transfer of amino acid to the base.

Mapping color space, reads the color space can be used the basic encoding rules of two adjacent difference in color may represent the polymorphic base true only appropriate standards. If you want to translate the color to read and decipher the database directly, without any knowledge of the other, you will not be able to do this effectively. In particular, this method, error correction, not a tool for error conversion equipment. Color space, converts the error the most common mode of your frequency to another in the form of DNA changes most commonly. Base change single these affect the colors adjacent to each other in the color space. There are logical rules to correct the error of error adjacent to the “invalid” and “valid” in the neighborhood. It is possible to measure the probability of receiving an error on the 50-BP reading two adjacent. There are 49 make changes 50 continuous string in (50-BP reading). There are 1225 to make changes to the string you do not have 50 consecutive. The error of 49 1225, simple, assuming full random error is a candidate for SNP only (usually, a high frequency at the end of the read these). Furthermore, in order to provide error 16 May 1225 by third only candidates for EPP errors only in the neighborhood and can be effective according to the bug labeling known samples. It reduces the false positive results low coverage, such as Smith, which is particularly useful for detecting low SNP of the coating.