DNA Technology Use
Use of recombinant DNA technology has become common microorganisms New Products transgenic plants, and animals that may be available for use in humans. 1997, Dolly made a large mammals that have been successfully cloned in heading first. Since then, for the treatment of advanced cancer, of agriculture, there is a result that is similar in many areas of medicine, it is resistant to the development of livestock industry, such as transgenic animals and growth hormones and genetically modified crops insect.
Recombinant DNA, are used biotechnology, medical and research widely. Today, other products is a result of using genetic engineering techniques and recombinant protein has been found in biological laboratory veterinary surgery or western pharmacy all physicians, medical and laboratory basically. In addition, organisms recombinant DNA technology of biological origin of these was operated and using the product, they and such, cabinet medical many farms, supermarkets, home, and even the pet shop, I sold the genetically modified animals of GloFish other have found a way of.
The most frequent application of recombinant DNA, technology is most important for the work of current biomedical science and biological, it is basic research. Used identified recombinant DNA, a gene, the sequence and position to determine its function. Recombinant DNA samples were used in the tissue of the organism and the overall analysis of gene expression in individual cells. Recombinant protein is used as a reagent in Laboratory widely to produce antibodies for inspecting a sample of protein synthesis in cells and organisms. Additional applications, are found veterinary industry, food, and human beings, agriculture, biological engineering in many of the recombinant DNA. I listed below some examples.
In addition, the number of vaccines are prepared from a commercial recombinant host. The vaccine is made by modifying the disease once, it is injected into people with the hope that the immune system is triggered to fight the invasion of the future by this intruder. Unfortunately, patients, resulted in a disease sometimes.
The copied outside the microorganisms need to be injected into harmless hosts for vaccine development are identified only in DNA. Microorganisms that cause illness actual will not be transferred to the host, in this method, it may be much safer. The immune system is activated by a specific protein on the surface of micrograms. DNA technology considers the account that was used for the surface only to identify the characteristics vaccine. Currently, type 2 hepatitis B, herpes virus, vaccine against malaria in the development of test applications in the near future.
And biotechnology Ki cereal herbicides and certain insects and by (for better dirt resistance and transport) delay aging to improve the resistance of crops, efforts are made to improve the profitability and yield it has continued to be a focus. , To create transgenic plants that received a gene from another organism, it was more difficult than animals. In contrast to the animals in the vector into a plant, it is possible to isolate the Ti plasmid tumor induction titanium bacteria present in soils (Ti) is derived from it difficult. Plasmid is attached to the DNA of the plant easily, plasmid, has been “fired” in the cell here. Success in fruits and vegetables with limited success Ti plasmid generation of cereals.
When you create a culture that is resistant to certain herbicides, in order to eliminate the competition of weeds from crops, herbicide has proven to be successful. The herbicide-resistant bacteria, crops that isolated gene responsible for the condition, which are resistant to this herbicide has been proven, the researchers found a “fired” them. Similarly, it will be available as and researchers block bacterial enzyme insect-resistant plants are increasing the fixation of nitrogen in the soil for use by plants, you can destroy unwanted herbivores.
Geneticists, is on the verge of major agricultural breakthrough. All plants require nitrogen to grow. In fact, it is one of the most important plant nutrients three nitrogen required. Atmosphere is nitrogen of about 78%, but in a format that is not available to plants. However, root nodule bacteria of natural origin, present in the nitrogen in the atmosphere is converted to a usable form by plants and soil. The nitrogen-fixing bacteria of these, have been found in the occurrence of certain legumes, such as peanuts and soy such naturally. They therefore unusual these bacteria are included, may be grown in nitrogen deficient soil to prohibit the growth of crop plants thereof. By separating these bacteria, the code for nitrogen fixation, scientists may identify a segment of DNA by removing a segment, it is inserted into the DNA of the problems winning culture they I hope that you can! Therefore new transgenic crop plants can be grown in the current location you live in fringe area of the new location does not suitable for normal for the growth, without the addition of expensive fertilizer!